Rewriting Stage

During the editing and proofreading stage of the writing process, the text is revised before being submitted for approval. Here, we offer advice and a checklist of aspects worth taking into account during the last part of the writing process.

Before a writer parts with a text, it has to be edited and proofread. It is worth noticing the distinction between these two terms; whereas editing may involve changes of structure, format and contents, proofreading is concerned with correcting mistakes related to, for instance, spelling and punctuation.

Writers need to check their texts carefully – to hand in a text full of typos or with spelling mistakes risks lowering the grade or giving an unfavourable impression to a journal editor or reviewer.

The instructional video below, from the free online MOOC "Writing in English at University" which was developed at Lund University in 2016, discusses the need to edit and revise one's texts. On the following pages, you will find videos on certain aspects of text revision.

Suggested AWELU resources for the editing & proofreading stage

Before submitting their text, many writers ask a peer (that is, a fellow student or a colleague), to read it. In some courses, peer feedback is indeed part of the writing process.

It is useful to have some sort of checklist for aspects that need to be checked and considered, both for writers before they hand their texts over to someone else, and for those who are asked to read and comment on the text. Many writers also find it helpful to develop their own checklists of issues that teachers and reviewers have commented on in the past. We provide some suggestions regarding such personal checklists here:

Having received feedback from another reader (peer, teacher, etc.), it is important to make efficient and correct use of it. Read more about how to revise the text at the editing stage here:

The finished text will be submitted for examination or for review. Find out more about that here: