In this subsection, a number of widely used academic genres will be explained and discussed. Following Hyland (2007: 46) the term genre is here used as a means of "grouping texts together, representing how writers typically use language to respond to recurring situations".
The genres covered in this subsection are ones commonly used in the academic community. For some of them, a broad consensus may exist as to how texts and text types within these genres are structured and used. For others, a large variation can be observed across disciplines.
In some cases, the term genre coincides with the term text type. However, the former could be seen as a kind of umbrella term for a communicative event, for which one or several more specific text types can be employed as the preferred vehicle of communication.
- Research Articles (RAs)
- Reviews (review articles and book reviews)
- Undergraduate text types
- PhD Theses
- Popular science writing
- Grant proposals
- The essay format